NDA Syllabus 2024 and Exam Pattern For NDA 1 & 2 Exam

NDA Syllabus 2024 – The NDA is the training institution for the Indian Armed Forces. Yearly, the UPSC administers the National Defence Academy  Exam, a nationally recognized examination held semiannual.

Aspiring candidate’s, particularly males, compete for many posts as Officers in the Defence Forces by this reputable examination. In this post, we’ve enclosed the complete National Defence Academy Syllabus 2024 together with National Defence Academy  Exam Pattern 2024 thoroughly.

NDA Syllabus 2024

The UPSC has officially declared the National Defence Academy Exam Date 2024 for both the NDA 1 & National Defence Academy 2 Exam together with the Union Public Service Commission Calendar 2024. Union Public Service Commission organizes the National Defence Academy & Naval Academy Examination two time in each year for the admission to Army, Navy & Air Force wings of NDA and Indian Naval Academy Courses (INAC).

According to the Union Public Service Commission calendar, the NDA 1 exam will organize on 21st April 2024 (Sunday) & NDA & NA-II will organize on 1st September 2024. The applicants planning for the Union Public Service Commission National Defence Academy Exam 2024 must stay updated with us to plan their preparation as per the Union Public Service Commission National Defence Academy Exam Date 2024.

NDA Syllabus

NDA Syllabus 2024 Details

Article For

NDA Syllabus

Conducting Organisation

Union Public Service Commission or UPSC

Mode of Examination

Offline mode

Papers in NDA Exam

Mathematics and General Ability Test

Total No. of Questions

Mathematics: 120 questions, GAT: 150 questions

Negative Marking on answers

Mathematics: -0.83, GAT: -1.33 marks




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What is NDA?

The NDA is one of the most popular institutions in India & its entrance exam is mostly competitive. This exam is conducting two time a year by the UPSC & is designed to shortlist aspirants for admission into the National Defence Academy.

National Defence Academy Exam Pattern 2024

Mathematics Exam Pattern

Paper I- Mathematics
Total Marks300 Marks
Total No. of Questions120
Marks awarded for right answer2.5 marks
Marks deducted for the incorrect answer-0.83
Exam Duration2.5 Hours

General Ability Test Exam Pattern

Paper-II- General Ability Test
Total Marks600 marks
Total No. of Questions150
No. of questions in English Section50
No. Of questions in General knowledge Section100
Maximum Marks for English200 marks
Maximum Marks for G.K.400 marks
Marks for Correct Answer4 marks in both sections
Marks for Incorrect Answer-1.33 marks in both sections
Exam Duration2.5 Hours

NDA Exam Pattern for SSB Interview

After clearing the written exam of National Defence Academy, aspirants have to appear for the Services Selection Board Interview phases. The pattern of National Defence Academy Interview is as outlined beneath:

NDA – SSB Interview Pattern
Stage 1Screening Test
  1. Verbal & non-verbal tests.
  2. PPDT
Stage 2Psychological Test
  1. Thematic Apperception Test (TAT)
  2. Word Association Test (WAT)
  3. Situation Reaction Test (SRT)
  4. Self Description Test (SD)
Group Testing Officers Test
  1. GD
  2. GPE
  3. PGT
  4. HGT
  5. IoT
  6. Command Task
  7. Snake race/Group Obstacle Race
  8. Individual lecture
  9. FGT
Personal Interview & conference

National Defence Academy SSB Personality Test 2024

The National Defence Academy Services Selection Board personality test consist the following phases:

Stage I

Stage 1 of NDA Services Selection Board personality test consist:


Officer Intelligence Rating (OIR)

Picture Perception Description Test (PP&DT)

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Stage II

Phase 2 of NDA Services Selection Board personality test consist:


Interview (IO)

Group Testing Officer Tasks (GTO)

Psychology Tests (Psych)


The SSB process involves of 2 phase. Only aspirants who successfully clear the written exam are allowing to appear for the Services Selection Board phase. The details of the Services Selection Board exam are as follows:

Stage I:

  1. Officer Intelligence Rating (OIR)
  2. Picture Perception Description Test (PP&DT)

Stage II:

  1. Interview (IO)
  2. Group Testing Officer Tasks (GTO)
  3. Psychology Tests (Psych)
  4. Conference

 The different tests organized during the Interview (IO), Group Testing Officer Tasks (GTO) & Psychology Tests (Psych) are specifically designed to assess the presence or absence of Officer-Like Qualities & the aspirant’s trainability. Aspirants are then either Recommended or Not Recommended at the Services Selection Board based on their performance in these tests.

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National Defence Academy Exam Syllabus

Topics Covered
MathematicsAlgebra: Concepts, equations, inequalities & graphs.
Matrices & Determinants: Properties & operations.
Trigonometry: Trigonometric identities, heights &  distances.
Analytical Geometry: Lines, circles, conic sections & transformations.
Differential Calculus: Concepts of derivatives, applications.
Integral Calculus: Concepts of integrals, applications.
Vector Algebra: Scalars, vectors, vector operations & applications.
Statistics & Probability: Measures of central tendency, dispersion, probability distribution.
General Ability Test (GAT)Part A – English
Vocabulary, Grammar & Usage.
Comprehension & Cloze Test.
Synonyms, Antonyms & Sentence Completion.
Spotting Errors & Sentence Improvement.
Part B – General Knowledge
Physics: Mechanics, Thermodynamics, Optics & Electricity.
Chemistry: Physical, Inorganic, and Organic Chemistry.
General Science: Basics of Physics, Chemistry, and Biology.
History: Ancient, Medieval, and Modern History.
Geography: Physical, Political, and Economic Geography of India.
Indian Polity and Constitution.
Current Events: National and International Affairs.
Economics: Basics of Economics, Economic Organizations.
SSB InterviewPsychological Tests: Thematic Apperception Test (TAT), Word Association Test (WAT), etc.
Group Testing Officer Tasks: Group Discussions, Outdoor Group Tasks, etc.
Personal Interview: Questions about personal life, academics, and career goals.
Conference: Final assessment by the Board.



In summary, the National Defence Academy Syllabus for 2024 shows a in-depth & well-thought-out approach to preparing the next generation of defense industry professionals. The syllabus covers a broad range of topics, from fundamental military training to more general subjects that are necessary to cadets’ overall extension.

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Frequently Asked Questions

What are the negative marks for wrong answers?

There will be a deduction of 1/3 mark for each answer. For the Mathematics section, the negative marking is 0.83 marks whereas, for GAT, it is 1.33 marks.

How many questions are asked in GAT?

The GAT paper comprises a total of 150 questions. The total mark is 600. There is a negative marking of 1.33 marks for each wrong answer.

In which mode NDA exam is conducted?

The NDA exam is conducted offline. It is a pen-paper-based exam consisting of MCQ-type questions.

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